FAQ’S: List of search terms
ACORN stands for A Classification of Residential Neighbourhoods’.
Therefore is a geodemographic classification system that uses census and other data to classify postcodes into neighbourhood categories.
But the classification system has been developed by the marketing-data firm CACI.
Our AFPD was replaced by the National Statistics Postcode Directory (NSPD) in March 2006, hence
was superseded by the ONSPD in February 2011.
The ONSPD lists all postcodes in the UK and assigns them to a range of administrative, health, electoral and other geographies.
Because of this, It is a key product for anyone needing to relate postcodes to statutory areas.
A total of 46 AONBs have been established in the UK to conserve and enhance.
The landscape in areas that have distinctive character and natural beauty accordingly that have not been designated as
They are formerly known as NHS are a team furthermore they were responsible for commissioning primary care services and also managing local partnerships and stakeholder relationships.
Assisted Areas are those areas of Great Britain where regional aid may be granted under European Community law because of this assisted areas are further categorised into three levels depending on the form of aid that may be given.
BEIS replaced the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) in July 2016 hence they are responsible for business; industrial strategy science, research and innovation; energy and clean growth; and climate change.
It always refers to an area that is substantially urbanised additionally, the unifying factor is that ‘borough’ always refers to an area that is substantially urbanised.
The BEC is responsible for reviewing English parliamentary constituency boundaries furthermore they are boundary
The Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland, therefore, is responsible for reviewing Northern Irish parliamentary constituency boundaries.
The commission is responsible for reviewing besides Scottish parliamentary constituency boundaries.
Review Welsh parliamentary constituency boundaries that are equally important.
A boundary file is a polygon thus representing the specific geography.
Boundary-LineTM is an Ordnance Survey (OS) product consequently containing digital boundaries for administrative and electoral areas.
The British Isles are the islands of North-Western Europe comprising all of the UK, the Irish Republic, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands accordingly.
The result is that any location can be described in terms of its distance from the origin (0, 0) hence lies to the west of the Scilly Isles. But grid references are always presented in terms of eastings and northings
It describes a zone of specified width around any feature.
They provide information on the villages, towns and cities where people live, and allow comparisons between people living in built-up areas and those living elsewhere. But Census data for these areas has been produced every ten years since 1981.
They provide information on the villages, towns and cities where people live, and allow comparisons between people living in built-up areas and those living elsewhere.
Cancer Alliances bring together key partners at a sub-regional level.
However it includes commissioners, providers, and patients, covering all of England.
The organisational model for delivering improvements in cancer services. Furthermore, Cancer Networks in England were abolished on 31 March 2013 so being replaced by NHS Strategic Clinical Networks.
Collect and quality assure detailed population-based data on cancer incidence and survival to provide a time series database.
CTs were a form of statutory health body in England. Furthermore, they were established to provide integrated services and care.
They were the base unit of census output. Furthermore, they were formerly also the base unit of census output, but Output Areas (OA) were introduced for this purpose in 1991 and 2001.
CMC / LAD are census merged county. However, these Census tables included county/UA information and Isles of Scilly which are appeared in both the LAD and county/UA layers
However, Census Detailed Characteristics (DC) tables have a higher minimum population threshold than other tables.
Furthermore, it compares the characteristics of different areas by means of shading areas with similar characteristics that are shaded the same colour.
There is no single definition of a city. However, a settlement can be granted ‘city status’ by the Monarch under Royal Prerogative, acting on the advice of Ministers.
A local authority district in central London but is unique in that it is administered by the Corporation of London, rather than by a standard district council. Furthermore, it is administered by the Corporation of London, rather than by a standard district council so it is considered as a London borough for many statistical purposes
They were required to meet certain minimum size thresholds in order to prevent disclosure of Census data. However, in April 2011, there were five such CTs so with the rest of the country being covered by PCTs.
However, GPs that are responsible for designing local health services in England by commissioning or buying health and care services and all GP practices have to belong to a CCG.
This includes look-ups between the 9-character codes and the old-style codes.
Furthermore, individual name and code listings, their hierarchical relationships, and archived geographies.
CAUTHs operate as public bodies with their own legal personality.
Community’ is a very general term referring to the people living in a locality or to the locality itself. However, makes a society.
They played a key role in improving health and reducing inequalities. Furthermore, working with local communities and other statutory and voluntary sector providers.
CSPs bring agencies and communities together to tackle crime within communities. However, putting them together has a separate base of postcodes.
Constituencies are used to elect members to legislatures. Furthermore, different constituencies in the UK include London Assembly constituency, Northern Ireland constituency, welish constituency, Westminster constituency.
Council areas were established across the whole of Scotland in 1996. However, these councils form the single tier of local government in Scotland.
In the context of the UK, each of the four main subdivisions is referred to as a country. Further, these are included in country code.The only administrative areas still referred to as ‘counties’ are the nonmetropolitan (shire) counties of England. Furthermore,the English metropolitan counties are also used for statistical purposes.
The areas used to elect members to county councils in England. Furthermore, these counties are in electoral division.
DZs are a geographic unit used for small-area reporting in Scotland. Furthermore, they are built from Output Areas (OA) and are subdivisions of the Intermediate Zones (IZ).
DBEIS is the department for business and industry strategy however, they are responsible for business industrial, strategy science, research and innovation; energy and clean growth; and climate change.
DCELLS replaced the Education and Learning Wales regions (ELWa) in April 2007. Furthermore, the department aims to improve children’s services, education, and training providers to secure better outcomes for learners, businesses, and employers.
Digital boundaries are electronic records of geographic boundaries because the sets can be used in Geographic Information Systems to create maps or to facilitate data analysis.
The DNF is a nationally consistent geographic referencing system for Great Britain because of this geographic features that have been surveyed and captured by Ordnance Survey (OS) are included, such as buildings, roads, fields, rivers, woods, etc.
The four DHSCs that covered one or more regions (former Government Office Regions (GOR)), Furthermore, provided a top layer to the health structure between April 2002 and June 2003.
Disclosure in statistical terms refers to the release of data that could be traced to a particular individual. Because it is critical that data supplied in confidence remains so, disclosure control is
fundamental to National Statistics outputs. This explains, for example, why Output Areas (OA) must have a certain minimum size
Districts are local administrative units and have at various times been used in all four countries of the UK.
This is under LGD because these districts form the single tier of local government in Northern Ireland. Furthermore, Local government districts were formerly known as district council areas (DCA).
There are 12 DEAs covering all of Northern Ireland. They consist of groups of wards within each local government district (LGD) for the purpose of local government elections in each of those districts.
DHAs were the lower tier of NHS administration in England between 1982 and 1996. In 1996 they were replaced by health authorities (HA).
Divisions are referred to as electoral wards because they are found across Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and most of England, whereas the equivalents in the Isle of Wight and six of the unitary authorities (UA) created in 2009 are known as electoral divisions.
ELWa regions were responsible for funding and planning post-16 education and training in Wales because they had four regional offices, corresponding with the National Assembly Economic Regions. In April 2007 the Department for Children, Education, Lifelong Learning and Skills replaced the ELWa regions.
ELBs were responsible for the local administration of state education services in Northern Ireland however, there were five ELBs, each covering one or more complete local government districts (LGD).
Electoral wards are found across Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and most of England. However, the equivalents in the Isle of Wight and six of the unitary authorities created in 2009 are known as electoral divisions.
Large areas from which multiple members are elected to legislatures on a proportional basis.
They are used as a base unit for UK and other geographies, such as parliamentary constituencies.
Government-funded bodies aim to foster local economic growth and development in Scotland because there are six ERs and these cover the whole of Scotland. ERs replaced Local Enterprise
Companies (LEC) in September 2007.
The Environment Agency is the leading public body for protecting the environment in England and Wales. however, it is divided into 17 areas.
The Environment Agency is the leading public body for protecting the environment in England and Wales.
The statistical office of the European Union (EU) task is to provide the EU with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions.
In England and Wales, each Fire and Rescue Service is distinct from and governed by an FRA because in both Scotland and Northern Ireland there is a single Fire and Rescue Service.
The foreshore is the area of land between the Mean High Water Mark and the Mean Low Water Mark because it is removed from extent of the realm boundaries to produce clipped to the coastline boundaries.
Our Gazetteer of the Old and New Geographies of the United Kingdom is a comprehensive and illustrated guide because it helps to changes resulting from the local government reorganisation (LGR) in the 1990s.
This organisation is responsible for the registration of births, marriages, deaths, divorces and adoptions in Scotland, as well as the Scottish Censuses but separately.
Geocoding is the process of converting address or postcode data into geographic coordinates which you can use to place markers on a map.
‘geo-enable’ suggests the application of location and geospatial information as part of business processes.
Because of the its regard to boundary files, this describes the area covered e.g. England, England and Wales, GB, UK etc.
Extent of the realm boundary sets typically extend to Mean Low Water, but they can extend to islands off the coast.
This is a computer-based system for managing, analysing and presenting geographically referenced data. So, GIS is based on UK geography.
Most data events can be referenced to a known location, and this means that most statistics can be output using a geographic classification.
After the Comprehensive Spending Review, it was confirmed that the GORs would close at 31 March 2011,so shifting focus away from regions to local areas.
It is generally taken to refer to the whole of England, Scotland and Wales, including offshore islands. So, it does not include Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man.
Greater London is a collective term for the area covered by the 32 London boroughs and the City of London. It is also the area subject to the Greater London Authority (GLA).
The GLA is the body responsible for strategic citywide government for London and consists of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.
It’s the brand name for the ‘Joint Venture on Postcode Location’ and its outputs. So, the Gridlink Consortium consists of Royal Mail Group plc, OS (GB), National Records of Scotland (NRS), Northern Ireland Land and Property Services (LPS) and ONS.
The general principle is that whenever entities are presented in groupings the order of presentation at each level of the grouping hierarchy is alphabetical, so regions are broadly north and south but countries are: England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland.
It focuses on commissioning, resource management, performance management and improvement. Because it identifies and meets the needs of the local population through its five local commissioning groups (LCG) so it is under the supervision of HSCB.
sub-committees of the Health and Social Care Board (HSCB) in Northern Ireland and are the same as local commissioning groups but the codes are different.
A total of four HSSBs were responsible for local health and social services in Northern Ireland because they reported to the Northern Ireland Executive and were built from groups of district council areas (DCA). On 1 April 2009 a single HSCB replaced the former HSSBs.
HAs were the intermediate level of health administration in England prior to the NHS restructuring in April 2002. In addition, there were five HAs in Wales that are reporting to the National Assembly because the HAs were built from groups of unitary authorities (UA), each of which had its own local health group (LHG). These HAs and LHGs were abolished when the Welsh NHS was restructured in April 2
The HBs are responsible for local health care in Scotland because they report to the Scottish Executive and are based on groups of the local government districts that existed before the introduction of council areas in 1996.
Imputation is the process of using an algorithm to estimate an unknown value because our postcode directories contain imputed grid references for those postcodes that are yet to have a definitive grid reference supplied by Ordnance Survey (OS).
Our IPN relates to over 70,000 named places in England and Wales. So, IPNs describe their respective local government areas and other geographies because of this IPNs are the most effective source of information.
An initiative was taken by the European Commission because they want to develop the availability of spatial information for the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of EU policies.
Inner London refers to that part of Greater London that falls within the boundaries of the former London County, but they exist from 1889 to 1965 because the Inner London area includes the City of London and 13 of the London boroughs.
IGs are part of IZs because the IZ is geography used for small-area reporting in Scotland.
They are built from clusters of Data Zones (DZ) and fit within council area boundaries so they are called IZs. But each IZ contains at least 2,500 residents. As with the Super Output Area
geographies in the rest of the UK, the IZs are intended to be a stable geography.
The IGGI’s aim is to promote the effective use of government GI because of benefitting member organisations by enabling them to operate more efficiently and better fulfil their duties as GI providers
INGs are called Irish National grid because it covers both Northern Ireland and Eire because of this the result is any location in Ireland can be described in terms of its distance from the origin (0, 0), which lies off the southwest coast.
IT clusters were a level of geography within the National Health Service (NHS) prior to April 2007 but when they were replaced by pan-strategic health authorities they became groups of strategic health authorities (SHA) working together to implement the NHS’s technology and information systems.
In Northern Ireland LPS has incorporated Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland (OSNI) into its organisation and produces mapping for Northern Ireland with the OSNI branding.
These were set up across England in 1999 to promote lifelong learning opportunities and maximise the contribution of learning to local regeneration.
A line is a feature whose general shape is defined by a set of coordinates in sequence, for example, a street or river.
It is used to determine whether a given line crosses or lies inside a given polygon (area).
It describes the recommended best practice for exposing, sharing, and connecting pieces of data, information, and knowledge on the Semantic Web using URIs and RDF.
Level 1 and level 2 are the European Union statistical units that replaced the former Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) levels 4 and 5 areas on 11 July 2003.
In geographic terms, LAs include English counties, non-metropolitan districts, metropolitan districts, unitary authorities (UA) and London boroughs; Welsh UAs; Scottish council areas and Northern Ireland local government districts
LAD’s is a generic term which used to cover not only metropolitan districts and non-metropolitan districts but it also covers unitary authorities (UA) and London boroughs in England. So, Welsh UAs; Scottish council areas and Northern Ireland local government districts are also included.
They are coterminous with the five Health and Social Care Trusts so that they provide health and social services at the primary care level.
The LDBCW is responsible for reviewing the local government boundaries and electoral arrangements in Wales. So all LDBCW data is based on local boundaries.
LEAs were the bodies responsible for the local administration of state-sector education services in England and Wales.
Government-funded bodies that aimed to foster local economic growth and development in Scotland are called LEC’s because they are responsible for development.
LEP’s are local enterprises because they decide what the priorities should be for investment in roads, buildings and facilities in the area.
It is responsible for conducting reviews of the structure of local government and the external boundaries of local authorities, so the local authority electoral arrangements in England are also included.
The LGBCS is responsible for reviewing the local government boundaries and electoral arrangements in Scotland.
The LGBC-NI are local government commission for Nothern ireland because it is responsible for reviewing local government boundaries and electoral arrangements in Northern Ireland.
These districts form the single tier of local government in Northern Ireland because Local government districts were formerly known as district council areas (DCA).
LGR’s are local gov, reorganisations. But these are the collective term that describes the extensive changes to local government structure that occurred in England, Scotland and Wales
LHBs are local health board because they are responsible for local health administration in Wales and were originally established as part of the restructuring of NHS Wales in April 2003.
They are responsible for local health administration in Wales because of their replacement by local health boards (LHB) in April 2003.
They were responsible for the planning and delivery of primary and community care in Northern Ireland and reported to the health and social services boards (HSSB).
The LLPG is a land and property database maintained by a local authority.
It was responsible for funding and planning post-16 education and training in England.
They are formed in each police area of the UK by key emergency responders and specific supporting agencies, so as a requirement of the Civil Contingencies Act 2004.
Localities are intended to be representative of the towns and cities in Scotland.
The borough councils are unitary administrations with a status similar to metropolitan districts, but they are also affected by any policies implemented by the Greater London Authority (GLA).
It has been constructed using the existing Built-up Area boundary set produced by Ordnance Survey (OS) in 2013 in conjunction with ONS.
A wide range of map projections have been developed in an attempt to portray the curved surface of the Earth on a flat piece of paper.
It refers to the extent to which reality is reduced to display it on a map.
It contains a wide range of different layers of mapping data because it is designed for use with Geographic Information Systems and database systems.
They were subdivided into metropolitan districts. So, the time when the metropolitan county councils were abolished in 1986, the district councils became unitary administrations.
The 36 metropolitan districts are subdivisions of the six metropolitan county areas of England.
It sets policy on supporting local government; communities and neighbourhoods; regeneration; housing; planning, building, and the environment; and fire.
The descriptive term for data files containing 9-character GSS codes for each of the geographies supported by us, and the associated names. So they are used usually in both forms CSV and XLSX formats
They are made up of groups of whole unitary authorities (UA) but with the exception of the Gwynedd UA, so they split into pre-reorganisation (1996) boundaries.
The NAWCs were reorganised in May 2007 but they were, briefly, no longer identical to the Westminster parliamentary constituencies in Wales and they realigned with them at the 2010 general election.
They are used for the proportional component of the elections to the National Assembly for Wales (NAW).
The 18 Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies are used to elect members to the Northern Ireland Assembly.
The ONSUD relates the Unique Property Reference Number (UPRN) for each GB address to a range of current statutory administrative, electoral, health, and other geographies. Furthermore, by using the UPRN grid reference and ‘point-in-polygon’ methodology.
This is the geographic support service of the Office for National Statistics (ONS).However ONS’s represent geographical support of UK only.
OS is the national mapping agency for Great Britain. Furthermore, it includes rational mapping latitude/longitude.
The Land & Property Services (LPS) in Northern Ireland has incorporated OSNI into its organisation and produces mapping with the OSNI branding. However, defining ordinance survey of Nothern Ireland only.
This supplies the codes for health geographies and organisation sites, such as hospitals and GP practices, in the UK.
Outer London refers to the part of Greater London falling outside the boundaries of the former London county, furthermore, they existed from 1889 to 1965 so the Outer London area includes 19 of the London boroughs.
OAs are used across the UK as the base unit of census output. However, they were introduced in Scotland in 1991 and the rest of the UK in 2001.
There were three NPfITs in England, each made up of an individual strategic health authority (SHA) (in the case of London) or groups of whole SHAs. Pan SHAs were not legal entities but were confederations of SHAs. Furthermore, they replaced IT clusters as a health geography in April 2007 and were abolished on 31 March 2013.
They are subdivisions of local authorities in many parts of England. However, their councils are the most local level of government.
PO Box addresses do not have a specific geographic
location instead the mail is sent to a local delivery office and then it can be forwarded to the real address or collected by the addressee
In terms of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a point is a feature that can be defined by a single (x,y) co-ordinate pair. However, makes a definite point.
It is used to determine whether a given point lies inside a given polygon (area) because it determines whether a given point lies inside a given polygon (area).
There are 43 police force areas (PFA) in England and Wales, each covering one or more complete local authority. Scotland and Northern Ireland are each covered by a single police force.
In terms of (GIS), a polygon is a feature defined by a series of sequential co-ordinates that join up to make a closed shape.
It is used to determine whether a given polygon lies inside another polygon because Polygon-in-polygon is an overlay operation used in Geographic Information Systems
Such postcodes can either be special postcodes assigned to some large users of the postal service and PO Boxes that lie within a (pseudo) postcode district but does not form a discrete part of a postcode area.
Those postcodes that are no longer used for mail delivery.
PAF® is a database of all UK addresses and postcodes. Furthermore, it is produced by Royal Mail and is continuously updated.
PCGs were a local unit of health administration in England between 1999 and 2002, but by the end of this period many of them had converted to primary care trusts (PCT).
PCOs were a generic term including English primary care trusts (PCT) and care trusts (CT) based on the PCT model, as well as the Welsh local health boards (LHB).
PCTs were a local unit of health administration in England but after the reorganization of English health geography on 1 April 2002 that PCTs reported to the strategic health authorities (SHA).
Prison service areas cover England and Wales because there are 10 in England and one in Wales.
Proportional symbol maps display data by using symbols that vary in size in proportion to the data values.
They are also a key means of providing locational references for statistical data because postcodes are of different types such as non geographic and terminated.
PHE was established on 1 April 2013 because of the reason to bring together public health specialists from more than 70 organisations into a single public health service
PHE was established on 1 April 2013 to bring together public health specialists from more than 70 organisations into a single public health service.
The PSGA is a partnership between the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills and Ordnance Survey because they both are related.
Any of the nine regions of England are Regions because it is further categorized into RSLGs, RDAs and RHA’s.
A total of nine local government regions existed in Scotland between 1975 and 1996 because of which they were each split into a number of districts, so forming a two-tier local government structure.
RDAs are known because those nine RDAs in England were responsible for promoting sustainable economic development and economic and social regeneration within their regions.
RHAs were the upper tier of NHS administration in England between the 1970s and 1996 because at that time they were replaced by NHS regional offices.
Registration District is known because of the areas in England and Wales that used for recording births, marriages and deaths but responsibility for them is held by the relevant county council, unitary authority (UA), metropolitan district, and London borough are RDs.
Thematic maps are called so because of the use in graphical styles to display information relating to a specific statistical theme by district.
Because a town is a centre of business and population with an area in excess of 2.5 square kilometres so they are under Ordnance Survey,
TOIDs are the 16-digit numbers because of which they uniquely identify every feature in the Digital National Framework (DNF) and the associated OS MasterMap product.
TECs were government-funded bodies that aimed to foster local economic growth and development. Because of this TECs are crutial.
TTWAs are used in labour market analysis and reflect reasonably self-contained zones but in which people both live and work. But The current TTWAs were constructed using 2011 Census data, and are formed from aggregations of Lower Layer Super Output Areas (LSOA) in England and Wales, data zones (DZ) in Scotland and Super Output Areas (SOA) in Northern Ireland.
The UDPRN uniquely identifies each postal address on the Royal Mail PAF® database. A UDPRN is assigned to each delivery point to give a specific designation to a delivery address but at that point, the UDPRN is also deleted from PAF so assuring that each number remains uniquely correlated to a delivery point.
UPRNs are the unique GB geographic identifiers which are used in the National Land and Property Gazetteer, the National Statistics UPRN Lookup and the ONS UPRN Directory.
The term ‘unitary administration’ is used in this context to describe all local authority districts that form a single tier of local government.
UAs are areas with a single tier of local government.
The UK is the nation state consisting of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
These include approaches based on population, population density and land use. But they all have different advantages and disadvantages depending on the purpose of the classification.
Electoral wards and divisions are the base unit of UK administrative geography but all higher administrative units are built from them so they are useful. Because electoral wards are found across Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and most of England, whereas the equivalents in the Isle of Wight and six of the unitary authorities created in 2009 are known as electoral divisions
Our WHD provided details of changes to electoral wards and divisions in England between 1991. Furthermore, WHD was replaced in 2010 by the Code History Database so they are no longer available.
WPCs are used to elect members of the UK Parliament in Westminster. However, there are currently 650 such constituencies covering the UK.
WZs are designed to contain consistent numbers of workers Because they are based on where people work but this means that they are suitable for disseminating workplace-based statistics and outputs.